Pak Php Framework

Pak Php Framework Installation


The Pak Php Framework is a framework for developing PHP applications. It can be used to develop command line applications as well as browser applications based on Model View Controller (MVC) design pattern.

An application framework provides libraries and tools for developing applications. The Pak Php framework provides error handling, function validation, log handling, session handling, URL request handling based on MVC design pattern, URL routing, translation and testing. It also includes utility classes that provide commonly used features such as Template Engine, Database Abstraction, Error Handling, File and Folder management and more.

The utility classes and features provided by the Pak Php Framework are implemented as separate components that are easy to extend. All components of the Pak Php Framework are based on the principles of Separation of concerns and Don’t repeat yourself.

Third party frontend libraries such as Twitter Bootstrap, JQuery, W3.CSS etc can be integrated with the Pak Php Framework.


The Pak Php Framework requires Php 7.2 and above. The code for the Pak Php Framework is fully commented and compliant with the PSR-2 coding guidelines. Parameter and return types are given for all methods.

The Pak Php Framework does not have any external dependencies apart from the XDebug PHP extension. It has its own Template Engine and Test Manager. It provides a simple framework for developing well tested applications.

Development of the website

The website was developed by following the Lean Startup principles. The book Understanding Software was an invaluable guide in the development of the framework.

The goal of the Pak Php Framework is to provide a light weight set of tools for developing professional, well tested web applications. Applications developed using the Pak Php Framework should be based on Lean Startup principles.

Application Structure

A single instance of the Pak Php Framework can support several applications. Each application must be in its own folder. The following shows the structure of a sample Pak Php Framework application:

├── config
│   ├── Custom.php
│   ├── General.php
│   ├── Path.php
│   ├── RequiredObjects.php
│   ├── Test.php
│   └── Callables.txt
├── Config.php
├── lib
├── test
│   └── results
│       ├── codecoverage
│       └── tracelogs
└── ui
    ├── css
    ├── html
    ├── images
    ├── js
    ├── pages

The config folder holds the application configuration files. Each file should contain a single method called GetConfig. This method should return an array containing configuration data, which overrides the default framework configuration. See the folder framework/config, for the default configuration files.

The Custom.php file can contain custom configuration. The Callables.txt file defines the URL routing information for the application.

The lib folder should contain the user defined library files. The ui folder contains the user interface related code. It should contains the sub folders shown in the above example. The css sub folder contains application CSS files, the images folder contains application image files, the js folder contains application JavaScript files. The html folder contains the HTML template files. The pages folder should hold files that derive from the \Framework\Application\Page base class.

Framework Structure

The Pak Php Framework has the following structure:

├── autoload.php
├── index.php
├── .htaccess
├── framework
│   ├── application
│   │   ├── Api.php
│   │   ├── Application.php
│   │   ├── CommandLine.php
│   │   ├── libraries
│   │   │   ├── ErrorHandling.php
│   │   │   ├── FunctionValidation.php
│   │   │   ├── LogHandling.php
│   │   │   ├── SessionHandling.php
│   │   │   ├── Translation.php
│   │   │   └── UrlRouting.php
│   │   ├── Page.php
│   │   └── Web.php
│   ├── config
│   │   ├── base
│   │   │   ├── GeneralConfig.php
│   │   │   ├── PathConfig.php
│   │   │   ├── RequiredObjectsConfig.php
│   │   │   └── TestConfig.php
│   │   ├── Config.php
│   │   ├── Initializer.php
│   │   └── Manager.php
│   ├── documentation
│   │   └── changelog.txt
│   ├── templateengine
│   │   ├── BasePage.php
│   │   ├── Generator.php
│   │   └── HeaderTags.php
│   ├── testmanager
│   │   ├── BlackBoxTesting.php
│   │   ├── CodeCoverageGenerator.php
│   │   ├── TestDataManager.php
│   │   ├── TestFunctionProcessor.php
│   │   ├── TestFunctionValidator.php
│   │   ├── TestResultsManager.php
│   │   ├── UiTesting.php
│   │   ├── UnitTestRunner.php
│   │   └── WhiteBoxTesting.php
│   ├── utilities
│   │   ├── Authentication.php
│   │   ├── autoload.php
│   │   ├── CacheManager.php
│   │   ├── commentmanager
│   │   ├── databasemanager
│   │   ├── documentation
│   │   │   └── changelog.txt
│   │   ├── Email.php
│   │   ├── Encryption.php
│   │   ├── errormanager
│   │   ├── examples
│   │   ├── Excel.php
│   │   ├── filesystem
│   │   ├── LogManager.php
│   │   ├── Profiler.php
│   │   ├── StringUtils.php
│   │   ├── TemplateUtils.php
│   │   └── UtilitiesFramework.php
│   └── vendors

Main entry point

The index.php file is the main entry point for the application. All URL requests are routed by the .htaccess file to the index.php file. The autoload.php file is used to autoload classes. All classes should have a name-space. The folder structure of a class should match the class name-space.

Application base classes

All Pak Php Framework applications are child classes of the Application base class, which is application/Application.php. Currently three types of applications are supported. API, Command Line and Web.

API applications extend the Api base class. Command Line applications extend the CommandLine base class. Web applications can extend either the Web class or the Page class. The Page class is derived from the Web class.

The main framework features which are URL Routing, Session Handling, Error Handling, Translation, Function Validation and Log Handling are implemented by classes in the application/libraries folder. Each feature is implemented separately from other features.


Configuration is one of the main features of the Pak Php Framework. It allows class objects to be used without explicitly initializing the object. The user only has to mention the class once in config/RequiredObjects.php. For example:

$config['contactpage']['class_name'] = '\PakJiddat\Ui\Pages\Contact';

The class can then be used using the syntax: Config::GetComponent(“contactpage”);. The framework takes care of initializing the class object. If the object has already been created, then it is simply returned. All classes are autoloaded using PSR-4 autoloading standard.

Application data is stored in configuration files inside the folder: config/. See the user application structure for details. Configuration variables can be accessed using the syntax:


The above code returns the current development mode of the application. If it is false, then application is in production mode.

Url Routing

The Pak Php Framework provides URL Routing. The user application should contain the file config/Callables.txt. This file specifies the callbacks for commands as well as callbacks for handling URL requests. An entry in the file has two parts. The first part starts with url: or command:. The second part starts with callback:.

The application should define an entry for each URL or pattern of URLs. The first line in the entry is a regular expression that defines which URLs to handle. The next line defines the callback function that should handle the URL request. The line after that defines an optional validator callback. This is the callback to be used for validating application parameters.

Command Line scripts

If the application has functions that are called from the command line, then each function should have an entry in Callables.txt, that starts with command:. The entry should specify the name of the command that needs to be entered by the user from the command line. The next line defines the callback function for handling the command. For example if an application defines the command “Generate Site Map”, then it can be run with the command:

php index.php --application=[app-name] --command="Generate Site Map"

The Callables.txt file should contain the entry:

command: Generate Site Map
callback: {"object": "websitetools", "function": "GenerateSiteMap"}

This entry means that the function GenerateSiteMap of the object “websitetools” will be called, when the command “Generate Site Map” is entered. The config file: config\General.php, should contain the following line:

/** The custom commands */
$config['commands'] = array("Generate Site Map (generates site map of website)");

The above command defines the commands implemented by the application. These commands are shown to the user when he enters the command:

php index.php --application=[app-name] --command="Help"

This command lists all commands supported by the application.

The following code shows sample contents of the Callables.txt file:

url: ^/$
callback: {"object": "homepage", "function": "Generate"}

url: ^/articles(/view/\d+/[A-Za-z\-0-9\._%]+)?$
callback: {"object": "viewarticlepage", "function": "Generate"}

url: ^/articles/(tag|search)/[a-z\-0-9A-Z\._%]+?$
callback: {"object": "listarticlepage", "function": "Generate"}

url: ^/contact/form$
callback: {"object": "contactpage", "function": "Generate"}

url: ^/contact/add$
callback: {"object": "contactpage", "function": "SendContactMessage"}

command: Generate Site Map
callback: {"object": "websitetools", "function": "GenerateSiteMap"}

Template Engine

The Pak Php Framework includes a template engine which allows user applications to merge application data with HTML templates

Test Manager

The Pak Php Framework provides classes for testing code. Three types of tests are supported. White Box tests, Black Box tests and Ui (user interface) tests.

White Box tests are written like PhpUnit tests. The user defines test methods in a file. Each method name should start with “Test”. The test is then run from the command line. Assert statements may be used within the test methods to validate conditions.

Black Box tests are written by defining test data inside test files. Each method has its own test data file. The first line in the test data file gives the list of parameters separated by ’|‘. The last three entries in the first line gives the expected return value, the type of the return value and the rule used to validate the return value. The test data file can be auto generated for each method defined by the application. The command:

php index.php --application="[app-name]" --action="Generate Test Data"

will generate test data files for each user defined method. The test data files will be placed in the folder: test/testdata/{class-name}. The name of the file is same as the name of the method. Following is a sample structure of a test data file:


A UI (user interface) test allows the HTML of the response to be checked for errors. The service is used to check if the HTML conforms with the HTML5 standard. Broken links are also checked as part of the Ui test. The test data for the Ui test is defined in a database table. See the structure of the table: pakphp_test_data. It has two main fields which are the URL and URL parameters. This data may be auto generated by setting the save_ui_test_data variable to true in config/Test.php. When this option is set to true, the framework saves the current URL and parameters to database

After a black box or white box test has been run, code coverage information for the test is displayed on the console and also saved to database. A summary of the test results is saved to database and file. A trace log of all function calls is also saved. The code coverage and function trace are generated using XDebug. The following screenshot shows the test results that are printed to the console after running black box tests:

Black Box Testing Results

The following screenshot shows the code coverage summary after running black box tests:

Code Coverage Results


The utilities folder contains classes that provide utility functions. These classes are used by the framework and may be used in user applications. See the Utilities Framework package for information on how to use the utility classes.


The vendors folder contains third party libraries such as Twitter Bootstrap, JQuery, W3.CSS and QUnit. These frontend libraries can be used in html templates. Reusable widgets may be developed that allow developers to easily create attractive looking applications.


  • Run the command:
composer require nadirlc/pak-php-framework (Installation using Composer) OR
git clone (Download from [GitHub Repository](

After the source code has been downloaded, create a MySQL database called pakjiddat_pakphp and import the contents of the file framework/data/pak-php-framework.sql to the database. This will create the database tables used by the Pak Php Framework. These tables are used for saving error data, access logs, test data and test results.


The helloworld sample application shows how to get started with the Pak Php Framework. To run the application, enter the name of the host used to access the application in the helloworld/Config.php file. Replace with your-host-name. Also enter the database server credentials in helloworld/config/RequiredObjects.php. After that open the application in the browser.

For a more complex example you can download and install one of the following:

  • Developers Site. It is a simple website that allows web developers to publish their work
  • Islam Companion Website. It allows users to read the Holy Quran and Hadith. Also allows subscribing to Holy Quran and Hadith by email
  • Islam Companion Web API. It provides a RESETFul API for fetching Holy Quran and Hadith data
Published 11 Mar 2019

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